Copyright and Citation Guide

Terms of Use

All material is made available free of charge for individual, non-commercial use only.

Commercial exploitation of text and the design and content of the webpages, including use by television programme makers and examination boards, is prohibited without licence from the Universities of Liverpool, Sheffield, Oxford and Sussex.

Commercial exploitation of images provided on this website is prohibited without licence from the archive, library or other body or individual which holds the rights to the image. If you wish to obtain reproduction rights please contact the relevant rights holder directly.

Material hosted on external sites, including those accessed through the Digital Panopticon, is not owned by the Universities of Liverpool, Sheffield, Oxford and Sussex. Users are responsible for ensuring that they read and adhere to Terms of Use for those sites. The Universities of Liverpool, Sheffield, Oxford and Sussex take no responsibility for the content, accuracy, or access arrangements of any other site, including those linked to via search results.

Copyright

Banner Images

The four images used in the site banner (left to right) are as follows:

1. Mark Jeffrey, Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MarkJeffreyConvict.jpg

2. Julia Mahoney, alias Ann Brown (1874), The National Archives PCOM4/48/29 *

3. George Langley, per John Renwick, taken at Port Arthur, 1874, National Library of Australia, http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-142920761

4. Mary Ann Lawrence, alias Read (1876), The National Archives PCOM4/65/11 *

Images 2 and 4 are reproduced by permission of The National Archives, London, England. The National Archives gives no warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for the purpose of the information provided. Images may be used only for purposes of research, private study or education. Applications for any other use should be made to The National Archives Image Library, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU, Tel: 020 8392 5225.

Other Images

All other images used on webpages in this website belong to the original copyright holders (unless stated to be in the public domain or an open licence), and should not be reused without prior permission. Details of the origins and copyright of all images used may be found in the captions to the relevant picture.

Copyright in the design and content of webpages is owned by the Universities of Liverpool, Sheffield, Oxford and Sussex.

Citation Guide

Users who wish to cite material from the website in publications should, as with all internet publications, cite the URL (www.digitalpanopticon.org) and the date on which the website was consulted.

The Project

The Digital Panopticon: Tracing London Convicts in Britain and Australia, 1780-1925, (www.digitalpanopticon.org, [date accessed]).

On second and subsequent citations, the title could be shortened to: Digital Panopticon 1780-1925.

Life Archives and Single Records

Recommended citation formats are available by clicking on the Cite this Life Archive/Record link at the top right corner of each life archive or record.

For example: The Digital Panopticon, Moses Martin b. 1798 (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/life?id=obpt18171029-41-defend303 consulted 11th September 2017).

For example: The Digital Panopticon, John Ruffler, British Transportation Registers, January 1787 (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/life?id=btr57051 consulted 11th September 2017).

Searches, Downloads and Visualisations

Similarly, recommended citation formats for searches and visualisations are provided by clicking on the Cite this Search/Cite this Visualisation links.

For example: The Digital Panopticon, Search Builder (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/search?e0.type.t.t=root&e0._all.s.s=&e0.surname.s.s=Johnson&e0.given.s.s=&e0.archive_size.i.l=2&e0.archive_size.i.h=&e0.earliest.d.ld=&e0.earliest.d.lm=&e0.earliest.d.ly=1830&e0.earliest.d.hd=&e0.earliest.d.hm=&e0.earliest.d.hy= consulted 11th September 2017).

To cite a Download, use the citation for the search query that generated the download.

For example: The Digital Panopticon, Search Builder (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/search?targ=sankey&e0.btr.i.l=1&e0.type.t.t=root&e0._all.s.s=&e0.btr.i.h=&e0.surname.s.s=&e0.archive_size.i.h=1&e0.archive_size.i.l=1&e0.given.s.s=&tf-sankey-start=offence&tf-sankey-end=outcome consulted 11th September 2017).

Historical Background, Records, Convict Lives, Research and Teaching Guides, Research Themes

Citations of any of these pages should identify the author(s) named under Author Credits and use the following format:

For example: Richard Ward, 'Sentencing', The Digital Panopticon: Tracing London Convicts in Britain and Australia, 1780-1925 (www.digitalpanopticon.org, 15 September 2017).